• 08 Feb
    Shiva Raman Pandey

    Why listening to sad tunes makes you feel good

    girl listening sad tune

    Have you ever felt that listening to sad tunes or music makes you feel good?

    well, you are not alone! Majority of people who listen to sad music feel pleasant and ambivalent emotions connected to it, but they definitely do not feel sadder after listening to it. 


    Why does this happen?

    When you are sad, you do not go ahead and eat food. You do not like or visit places. You would rather not go anywhere or eat anything, or eat what you like and go where you like.


    Why does this phenomenon change around music?

    In fact, you even listen to sad music when you are not sad too. So, what’s happening?

    In a study done in Tokyo, it was found that sad music has both sad emotion and romantic emotion. Even though songs of a sad nature may talk about separating or splitting of a couple, you still tend to see the love of one or both parties as a positive, strong emotion.


    Secondly, when listening to sad music, you think of it as a performance. The sad events in the song are happening to someone else and not us, therefore, you can view it from a distance and not get highly affected by it. Watching it from a distance gives us a kind of perspective that you may not have when viewing problems up close, when they happen to us in our life.


    Another important and interesting finding of the study is that this finding was maintained regardless of the musical experience of the person. Therefore, a trained musician and a layman felt similar emotions after a sad song, so, this has nothing to do with how musically oriented you are.

    The researchers of this study feel that listening to sad songs and gaining perspective can help you alleviate the negative emotions you feel in real life. You think that, as music has a somewhat unconscious impact as well, you may learn to deal with the negative emotion in your life without actively approaching it.

    This could be beneficial for many people who are in denial about a lot of aspects, like the loss of a loved one. This could be an indirect way for them to get better.

    Therefore, there are implications here for the therapeutic value of music. Just like children can be taught a lot of things through games, because they feel the game is happening to its characters and not to them, they do not feel the threat of a negative consequence and will learn better. Similarly, even adults can gain to learn a lot and process a lot of grief and sadness through sad music, which they cannot solve directly because of the heaviness of the grief.

    This is perhaps why a lot of classical Indian ragas also have very intense, sad notes, in order for the audience to subconsciously sort their negative and sad emotions and to emerge with pleasant emotions in the process.

    References: 1 2 3


    Responses 1

    • Anjali Khurana
      Anjali Khurana   Sep 04, 2016 09:05 PM

      When you listen sad song you feel like someone else is also in same situation like you and you are not alone. Some people also feel happy to think that the person who sang this song can understand their emotions, so it's like finding someone who understand you. This feeling makes you little better, also it helps you to deal with the negative emotion in your life without actively approaching it. Having said that some sad songs can have negative impact as well on some people. This is not a proven method for treatment. This article is more of an analysis how sad songs can steer someone's thought process for some time.

  • 08 Feb
    Shiva Raman Pandey

    10 reasons why you should follow your passion to avoid burnout

    Follow your passion


    We do say casually that following one’s passion is good, but we never follow through. Why does this happen? Perhaps the real benefits of following your passion, which has tangible outcomes, are not known to you.



    Some benefits you would see when you follow your passion are given below. We also explain for each point why it helps to avoid burnout.


    Brain chemicals: When you do things that you like, your brain secretes hormones like dopamine which makes you feel good, and makes you want to continue the work. It battles the stress you would feel and thus prevents burn out. Therefore, following passion helps to avoid burnout.


    Immunity: When you are stressed, you tend to activate your sympathetic nervous system, which affects your immunity in the long run. This happens when you do something you don’t like, day in and day out.


    Meaningfulness: The human mind searches for meaningfulness. When you do something that bores us, that you do not enjoy, it slowly fatigues the brain over time and makes you feel highly stressed. When you follow your passions, the opposite happens. You find it meaningful and therefore, your brain feels active.


    Growth: Be it career related growth or personal growth, it will not happen if you do something you do not like or find boring. Growth will only happen if you feel invested in the task. Therefore, you should follow your passion and see yourself grown over time.


    Skills: You would have heard of the countless cases when parents tried to put children in hobby classes that the child did not like, and nothing came out of. If a child likes music, he would really learn a lot of skills from the same guitar class which another child hates to the core. Therefore, you learn skills only when your mind feels invested in the task you are doing. Learning skills means accomplishing more than you could before, in lesser time. Therefore, you get more efficient at what you are doing, and this prevents burnout.


    People: If you love what you do, you tend to be open-minded and learn from other people around us. You want to absorb as much as you can from others and improve our skills. You also have better relationships when you are doing something you like. Think about it, is a fight more likely after you feel you have wasted your time, or after you have enjoyed your time at work?


    Happiness: Perhaps the core reason why following your passion prevents burnout is because it makes you happy. When you are happy, you feel less pain and misery and get easily energized. As opposed to when you are not doing things you like, you feel more annoyed and irritated. A 75-year study from Harvard found that even if happy people fall ill, they feel less pain and can bear it easily, as compared to unhappy people!


    Money: The big question is of course, about money. Will I earn well if I follow my passion? well, why not? Did you know, recently, thousands of engineers in India, applied for the post of peons? Our herd mentality crowded all the engineering colleges, and now we have way too many engineers and few jobs. Therefore, it’s not necessary that one particular career has money. The rise may be slow or fast, but if you follow your passion and get better than the rest, money will also follow.


    Breaks: your mind is unconsciously working even when you take breaks. If you like the task you are doing, the breaks will not only bring you break refreshed, but you may solve some hurdles via your unconscious thinking while on the break!


    Uniqueness: This is a very important factor. your passion helps you to build your uniqueness. When you hone and sharpen this uniqueness, you will feel very confident of yourselves, and at the same time, will have a good market value for your unique skills too!



  • 07 Feb
    Shiva Raman Pandey

    11 tips help you to negotiate a salary

    job interview and negotiation skill

    Job interviews can be anxiety provoking at times and it can be difficult to say your bit. However, research shows that being able to negotiate means you may get a better job role and higher salary, among other perks.

    When going for a job interview, the interviewers are obviously the party with more power. So, let them do their bit first, which means let them get done with their questions. When they are done, they would inform you of the role, salary and other aspects of the job. This is where you negotiate, but don’t rush. Hear them out.


    Then, start with, “If I understand you right..” and recapture a summary of what they say. It is also a good place to seek clarification of what you did not understand. This will ensure them that you heard them, are interested and also that you do respect whatever they said.


    Then, while mentioning their points of comfort, add yours too. For example, saying,

    “I agree that I am a fresher and that maybe a concern to you, but I have done excellent work in my academic projects and can easily translate that to work. Can you let me know what benefits I would have of being a fruitful employee?”

    If you observe closely, the framing of this sentence is such that you have talked as if you assumed both that you WILL be a fruitful employee and that you WILL get benefits, but are just asking what and how much. They may say something vague, like ‘let’s take it as it goes’. To which, you could say, “Oh, so you mean appraisals? Could you tell me when the first appraisal would be?”

    Therefore, the trick is not to let them get away with something vague but to give you some level of commitment. Even if you cannot get a salary hike then and there, perks, or a sure-shot appraisal is also a good deal.


    Communication experts suggest the following points in order to persuade and negotiate well:

    • Listen carefully to the arguments of the other party and assess the logic of their reasoning
    • Clarify issues you are not clear about by asking how, why, where, when and what questions.
    • List all the issues which are important to both sides and identify the key issues.
    • Identify any personal agendas. Question generalisations and challenge assumptions.
    • Identify any areas of common ground.
    • Understand any outside forces that may be affecting the problem.
    • Keep calm and use assertive rather than aggressive behaviour.
    • Use tact and diplomacy to diffuse tensions.
    • Remember :NO is a little word with big power!
    • Use both verbal and non-verbal persuasion skills.
    • Use open, encouraging body language such as mirroring, not defensive or closed.
    • Know when to compromise. Offer concessions where necessary, but minor ones at first.
    • Distinguish between needs: important points on which you can't compromise
    • and interests where you can concede ground.
    • Allow the other party to save face if necessary via small concessions.
    • Make sure there is an agreed deadline for resolution
    • Decide on a course of action and come to an agreement.
    • The final agreement needs to be summarised and written down at the conclusion of the negotiations.
    • Plan for alternative outcomes if you can't reach agreement.

    References: 1 2 3




  • 03 Feb
    Shiva Raman Pandey

    What signal does facial hair send to others?

    ranveer singh

    Facial hair is an important part of male grooming, so much so that Gillette tried to do studies on well-groomed HR professionals in order to show the importance of shaving regularly, and hence buying their products! So how important is facial hair, and what is it saying to others?

    If you have seen or witnessed the recent handlebar moustache trend started by Ranvir Singh and before that, also pushed by the MARD (Men against Rape and Discrimination), you will notice how it suddenly became fashionable to have that kind of a moustache. Therefore, fashion and social perception of our looks are quite linked, even for facial hair.


    Research over time has indicated the following:


    General social perception:

    The general social perception of beards falls into two categories. One is that bearded men may be seen as mature and wise, and the other is that they may be seen as aggressive and dominant. As opposed to this, clean shaven men are perceived as younger, well-groomed and peaceful. Stubbles get perhaps the most negative perception.

    A study found that when men with and without beard were shown with the same facial expressions, including yelling, smiling etc, those with the facial hair were perceived to be more aggressive than others. This is because facial hair is a sign of testosterone – the reason why most women don’t have that much facial hair is because of the low testosterone in women. Therefore, we automatically perceive someone with a beard as aggressive even though he may not be so.


    Jobs and Interviews:

    When it comes to jobs and interviews, there are some mixed findings. While clean shaven men are obviously preferred for entry level jobs, having a well-groomed beard can be what is being looked for in higher level positions like executives. A well-groomed beard might help in being perceived as mature, dominant and knowledgeable, thereby giving the initial impetus to the team to listen to you and trust your judgement. Again, stubbles are a sign of being unkempt unless it’s a creative profession where this is the kind of personality trait they look for.


    Romance and Dating:

    Perhaps the most confusing findings on facial hair are for mating. While some women clearly prefer clean shaven men as they seem more approachable and friendly, others tend to feel that a mature man with a well-groomed beard has seen life and will not leave them on a minute’s notice. They also feel that these well-groomed bearded men will also provide for them and take care of them. However, even stubbles which are conventionally seen as negative, may have a raunchy, bad boy appeal with some women. But these men are almost never preferred for a commitment, only for a short-timed romance. Therefore, it looks like if you are looking for a steady or life partner, it has to be either clean-shaven or well-groomed beard.

    Lastly, it turns out that beards also affect self-perception! Growing a well-groomed beard helps men to feel more self-esteem at times.

    Image source

    References: 1 2 3


  • 02 Feb
    Shiva Raman Pandey

    Are we inherently racist?

    inherently racist

    Racism, as understood by treating someone as inferior because they look different (because their ancestors grew up in different geographical and climate conditions, thus ‘race’) is a controversial topic.

    Some people say people who look different are meant to stay apart, and that is why we inherently dislike someone who looks different, some others say that racism is a thing of the past.

    Often, politicians use the racist tendencies of one group to garner votes and increase the divide.


    Biologically speaking, when we were going through an evolution and still living in tribes.

    For us, it was important to know which tribe can be trusted and which cannot be.

    The geographical region and climate that we stay in starts to affect our looks over time, may give us flatter or longer noses, for example. Therefore, when someone looked very different from us, we had good reason to be suspicious of them.

    We did not know whether this person who has come from elsewhere will harm us to take over our land, or not.

    This evolutionary tendency continued and was used to justify colonialism and slavery, with the claim that Indians, and Africans and almost all non-white population is somehow inferior.

    History obviously says something else, because Egypt, one of the forward civilizations of the ages, was from Egypt and India had flowing prosperity and education before any other country.

    Times have changed, but we have promoted this thinking, which though useful when we were evolving, is no longer useful in a mixed world.

    Politicians and other parties with vested interests have led to more visibility of one group over another in TV, news and so on.

    This is not limited to just black or white people.

    Our lack of diversity affects differently abled people and women too, we tend to see them as lesser people and give them less rights.

    So, yes, there is an inherent mechanism in us which helped us to survive the stone age and the tribal age.

    However, times have changed and our brain can adapt into not thinking that way, if we wanted to.

    Research suggests that giving children exposure to people and faces who look different ensures that they do not grow up as racist adults.

    Therefore, it is all a question of making ourselves familiar to the diversity out there and helping ourselves understand all the people out there.

    Although people are not openly expressing racist tendencies, they do however tend to be covertly racist with or without knowing it.

    This can lead to discrimination in the workplace and during interviews and even when selecting a marriage partner.

    This may also have law enforcement consequences, with reports that black and Indian youth are more likely to be mistrusted and arrested for crimes than white people.

    Therefore, it is obviously a dangerous bias to carry. It was useful at one time but no longer is.

    We should not let some antisocial elements use this to increase the divide. We can and should work to reduce differences and racism.

    Further reading:1 2 3




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