Total 225 Blog Posts

  • 02 Jun
    Oyindrila Basu

    We remember uncompleted tasks better than completed tasks.

    dream

     “11.00 pm sharp. Reema finishes packing her bags, and rushes in front of the television to switch to Star Plus. Her mother is very angry because it is quite late, and she should go to bed, because she has early morning school hours. But who cares! Reema ‘will sleep no more’ unless she has found out what has happened of Ishita in her favourite show."

    These days, popular cinema is constructed based on this psychology, so that we as audience do not forget the film. When episode in a TV show or serial ends on a query; for e.g. a dialogue or a conversation which never finishes and we are proceeded to preview the next episode, which means it ends unfinished, and the human brain naturally feels an urge to know what happens next.

    An unfinished work or episode or anything, often distracts the mind much more than what we are doing at present. Probably, it is in basic human nature to finish what we start; in fact, we are genetically modified to do so. Hence, if something ends at an inconclusive point, it attracts our attention; it pokes us at intervals and we are not at ease unless and until we are able to know the conclusion or solution.

    Often we have dreams at night, where we view a scattered story, which may be adventurous; for e.g. a dinosaurus is following you in the middle of nowhere. You are awakened from your dream with the shock and fear of getting trampled to death, but you feel an urge to go back to sleep again, because you want to know what happens at the end; do you win or the dinosaur, isn't it?

    When we do not finish what we start, we tend to remember it more; our memory preserves it, and that is often agitating to our present work which may be requires more effort.

    Baumeister & Bushman, 2008 defines the Zeigarnik Effect as the tendency to experience intrusive thoughts about an objective that was once pursued and left incomplete.

    The Zeigarnik effect suggests that students who suspend their study, during which they do unrelated activities (such as studying unrelated subjects or playing games), will remember material better than students who complete study sessions without a break (McKinney 1935; Zeigarnik, 1927).

    The automatic system signals the conscious mind, which may be focused on new goals, that a previous activity was left incomplete. We feel a kind of dissonance if we do not have the to-do list completed checked.

     

    There is a negative side to this.

    If a person is poked with the thoughts of his previous work, which was unfinished, he will find difficult to concentrate on the present task.

    Even if we complete our present work somehow, the unfinished chapters of the book, never give us a moment of peace or relaxation and that can be stressful.

    Relationships can be negatively affected if people do not forget their ex girl friends or boy-friends.

     

    How can you manage this dilemma?

     

    • Do not keep thinking and thinking.

     

    • Set your goals for the day, by making notes.

     

    • If you have a plan of finishing the previous work, time management is the best policy.

     

    • Set up a time table regularly, so that you know which time is scheduled for which task, hence you can go by it accordingly.

     

    • Use the drawback as an inspiration.

     

    • Zeigarnik Effect will remind you of your unfinished tasks; do not get stressed. It is good that you are still into it, hence go ahead and finish it, instead of slothing around. This will make you a man of firm personality and a conclusive nature.

     

    • In case of personal life, do not turn over the pages of a closed chapter. Futile attempts only lead to failure. So if something is useless, do not pursue that task, go ahead with the better works.

     

    • Mind exercise is the best way of self-control. Practise meditations to stop procrastinating.       

    Image source

     

  • 28 May
    Oyindrila Basu

    When Sitting down makes you unhappy, better to take the Stand!

    bored kids

    The Teacher: Sit down kids; do not make a noise in the class.

    Children: Yes, mam.

    They all obey and sit down. The whole day these school children sit at their respective places in the classrooms from 8.a.m to 2.00 p.m. Six hours of formal education given by making them sit for so long. Is this discipline good? Let’s find out.

    A study of more than 3,300 government workers in Australia found that those who spent more than six hours of a typical workday seated were more likely to score in the moderate to high range on a test of psychological distress than those who sat fewer than three hours.

    This clearly proves that sitting down at a stretch for a long time can interfere with the performance of your body and brain, irrespective of the leisure time you are getting in some other time of the day.

    Today, our sedentary life style urges us to stick to our chairs and stare at our computer or laptop screen, effortlessly for hours to get the multitude of tasks done, because there is a deadline, a goal to meet; and the office hours for an individual are gradually increasing.

    In short, the tasks don’t finish and you do not quit your beloved friend, the chair. However, the chair can prove to be your deadliest enemy.

    Sitting at a place adds to your waistline, makes you obese, and can be the cause of Type 2 diabetes and heart diseases ranging from major to minor.

    But few of us know, that inactive lifestyle can also hinder the proper flow of blood into the brain and increases the risk for glitches in brain functioning.

    more than 75% cases of women’s depression result from constant sitting. Anxiety can arise from fixed position work-life.

    What can you do?

    • Try fetching your own coffee instead of ordering the peon.
    • Take a 2min walk at an interval of one hour during your work schedule, even if it is going to the next desk.
    • Raise yourself up from the chair as many times as possible.
    • Deep breathe, whenever you get some relaxation time during your work.
    • Try finding a half an hour break, during office hours every day, for exercise, meditation or evening walk.
    • Regular exercising at an hour of the day is mandatory.
  • 27 May
    Priyanka

    Correlation between Mental Health and Weight Loss

    weight loss nad mental health

     

    Obesity is very common problem in today’s time due to hectic lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits. Obesity causes physical health problems such as diabetics, high blood pressures etc. It is also directly co-related with mental health problems. An obese person experiences up down in his mental state. There is a strong correlation between mental health and weight loss. Obesity causes depression and also impact the behaviour due to lack of confidence. It is not an easy task to lose weight. It requires lots of determination and hard work. Some of obese person are not able to cope up with rigid routine for weight loss. It leads to stress and other negative mental impact. Although, it became main cause of satisfaction, once you have lost weight.

    Mental Health Problems among Obese People

    Depression is always associated with obese person. They are not satisfied with their body image. They suffer from poor self esteem. They find themselves uncomfortable among slim people. According to psychological studies, there is strong correlation between depression and poor body image. They always think about their poor body image and correlate everything with their body. Women are especially concerned with weight. They are more prone to depression. They always feel stressed out due to their body weight. In such state, sometimes women use wrong methods to lose weight such as starving. Such condition causes bad impact on both mental and physical health. Obesity may impact overall behaviour of a person.

    According to some studies, it has been shown that obese people experienced satisfaction after losing weight. They have shown improvement in personal relationship. Obesity was causing the rude behaviour which improved after losing weight.

     

    Mental Health during Weight Loss-

    Are you going through diet induced weight loss? If yes then there are lots of chances that you can suffer from depression. You can suffer from negative impact of dieting. While you do dieting, you have to control your mind all the time. According to studies, obese people are foodie. In such case, it became difficult to prevent yourself from eating your favourite food.  Such condition leads to depression.

    During dieting, sometimes you have starved yourself. In that condition, it became difficult to control your emotions. It became complicated mental condition, if a person is not able to lose weight even after starving. Weight loss is not associated with eating habits. There are many reason which leads to obesity. So you have to work on all these things while deciding for weight loss. In today’s time hormonal imbalance became a major reason of obesity. Healthy diet is very essential for everyone. Dieting may cause poor physical and mental health. So, those who want lose weight, should emphasis on physical activity to lose weight. Instead of dieting, go for healthy food. If you are foodie, then you can learn healthy and tasty recipes from internet. It will help in preventing mental health problems during weight loss.

    With the dieting, there are other causes of depression during weight loss. Some people take less time to lose weight. While some have to devote months to get rid of body fat. Such condition can also lead to mental health problems. Obese person always think about losing weight. If he or she doesn’t get desired result, became prone to depression. In that case, a person should consult with doctor to find out the reasons of not losing weight.

    There is many social factors which causes stress among obese people. They always find themselves packed with their daily weight loss routine. Heavy exercises, dieting impacts the energy stored in your body. It also causes weakness. If it continues, you may even feel difficulty in doing daily household chores. To avoid such condition, it is essential to maintain balance between diet and exercises. A person, who is doing exercise, should eat very healthy diet. Always avoid fasting if you are doing exercises daily. Take small meals instead of eating at once. Eat lots of fruit, vegetables, dry fruits, milk, eggs, lentil etc. Such foods are great source of energy and also don’t cause weakness.

     

    Mental Health after Weight loss- You may feel yourself as the happiest person on the earth if you want to lost weight. According to some studies, improvement has seen in interpersonal relationship of obese people after losing weight. They feel themselves confident and find comfortable in social gathering. Although, they remain concerned with not putting weight again.

    Get More Weight Loss Tips

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  • 26 May
    Oyindrila Basu

    An Open Letter to the Normal-

    woman writing letter

    “Dear Normal man,

    I really salute your obedience and gratitude towards the Society, as you completely abide by the guidelines and instructions given by it.

    You never miss a chance to make us feel really ‘special’ when you see us on the road. The way you laugh at our appearance, and call us with different names, we can understand that we are extremely gifted to have all that attention from you.

    Sometimes, you are truly concerned about us, hence you speak whisper amongst yourselves seeing us fall due to imbalance or wrong footstep, but you do not lend a helping hand forward so that we can stand up.

    We do not bite, but you make us feel that we are as powerful as a tiger, when you throw your anxious looks on us.

    You are afraid? Afraid of us? Can a normal man be afraid of anything? Can a normal man be anxious?

    We may be shy, not as smart as you are and that is a drawback for you.

    May be we are suffering, we are in pain, but you tag them with some stigmatized disease of your own.

    We cry, you mock. Is it quite normal to laugh at the pain of others? is it humane?

    Nobody ever taught me so since childhood.

    Nowadays, you use hundreds of scientific names so that you can tag our problems with flourishing colours; sometimes you can just apply these terms anywhere without a thought about how we or anyone hearing it would be feeling.

    Great is the progress of education.

    We do not want to be named. We want to live and breathe as everyone does. We deserve it, but you never let us do so with your speculative nature.

    You are so eager to know, if a neighbour of yours is suffering, or crying or shouting; you are really inquisitive to find a subject of gossip, first by tagging that person ‘abnormal’.

    I salute to your normality that overlooks the shortcomings within yourselves because you are overwhelmed to find faults with everyone around you.

    I know I am not potent enough to compete with you, but I am really trying to improve myself, so that I can do good work; I am happy that I am not as ‘normal’ as you, neither do I want to become like you.

    I do not want your attention or concern or sympathy. I just want to be a better me.

    Thank you,

    Your mentally-bent

    Friend.”

    Image source

  • 24 May
    Oyindrila Basu

    Who are more prone to PTSD ?

    PTSD

     

     

    From the name itself we know that this is a kind of mental situation developed after a person goes through some traumatic experiences in life.

    In the article about ‘Victims of Trafficking’, I have referred to a few of the symptoms and reactions of PTSD, and now we are going to know more about it in detail.

    A traumatic event is one which can shake you from within and leaves a deep impression on your mind, for e.g. rape, accident, bomb-blast, hijack, war, terrorism, death, destruction etc.; physical and emotional reactions that a person gives after such an incident are treated as symptoms of PTSD, i.e. caused due to stress after trauma.

    ptsd

    Who are more prone?

    A traumatic event doesn’t directly conclude that the person will become a bearer of PTSD. It has been observed that events like accident, war, death, car- crash and the like do not generally erupt PTSD; it is more probable in case of personal assaults and attacks like rape, kidnap, domestic violence etc. Hence rape victims and those subject to sexual abuse, molestation, flesh trafficking and physical assaults turn to be sufferers of PTSD.

    Higher rate of PTSD has been observed among foster care children as well, who are separated from their parents in childhood by the Governmental laws or alike.

    People who have experienced some sort of racial or social discrimination in their early life are more prone to the stress caused after a violent event. For e.g. studies showed that among American troops in Vietnam, Black veterans had nearly 2.5 fold the risk of developing war zone-related PTSD as compared to white/other veterans. Hispanics had more than three times the risk. Also, Hispanic veterans who reported experiencing racial discrimination during their service displayed more symptoms of PTSD than Hispanic veterans who did not; reports Wikipedia.

    Those who are already prepared with the probability and potentials of a threat-causing incident are less likely to get affected by it. For e.g. soldiers in general are well-adapted to traumatic situations and do not become subjects of PTSD in general.

    Causes of PTSD

    • PTSD can occur when a traumatic situation of event triggers hyper-active adrenaline response, consequentially creating difficult neurological patterns in the brain, which last for a long period of time after the trauma.

     

    • Sometimes, PTSD can be hereditary. There is evidence that those with a genetically smaller hippocampus are more likely to develop PTSD following a traumatic event. It uses same genetic influences that are common to other psychiatric disorders like anxiety, panic and depression. Hence causatives are also genetically modified; if mother has been a regular user of drugs, alcohol or nicotine substances, child can be affected by PTSD.

     

    • Drugs abuse and other forms of substance abuse are in general associated with posttraumatic stress disorder.

     

    • Damage to the pre-frontal cortex in brain can be actually protective towards later and deeper developments of PTSD symptoms, whereas amygdala which is more responsible for emotional reactions and fear-related issues can actually make the brain more vulnerable to PTSD when affected by trauma.

     

    Symptoms of PTSD

    • Absurd dreams and nightmares are common symptoms which might be evoked from traumatic experiences.
    • A feeling like reliving the incident of stress can haunt you; the images of the incident can flash in your memory, which is termed flashback.
    • Some smell or vision or present situation can remind you of your past trauma, which is like a trigger, that recreates the event for you and affects your senses.
    • Feeling of distrust towards everything and everybody becomes common.
    • A loud noise can startle you.
    • Sleeping problems can be symptoms of PTSD.
    • Purposeful avoidance of threatening sights or situations.
    • Eradication of positive emotions like love, care, compassion etc.
    • Sudden anger reactions.

    Symptoms of PTSD can vary from person to person and different people are affected differently with the disorder. However, if these kinds of symptoms last for over three months, PTSD diagnosis is required.

    Remedies of PTSD

     

    ptsd

    Transcendental meditation or TM:

    Transcendental meditation or TM is suggested by experts for patients suffering from PTSD. This is an easy process and requires only 20 minutes of your day, where you let your mind and body loose, just to relax.

    There is no need to concentrate or focus your mind; you also don’t need to be ‘mindful’ about your thoughts during meditation. Just sit still and breathe to get sufficient rest during transcendental meditation to regulate your neural activities.

     

    Therapies:

    Medical experts these days, are more biased towards drug-less treatments and hence PTSD can be taken to them, if your problem is getting severe.

    ptsd

    EMDR (eye movement techniques):

    EMDR uses eye movement techniques (or sometimes sound or other sensory stimuli) under the supervision of a trained EMDR psychotherapist to allow the brain to reprocess traumatic memories. 

    Recognized as an effective therapy for PTSD by more than two dozen research studies, the American Psychiatric Association, and the Department of Defence/Veteran’s Administration, it can significantly shorten recovery time and because it only requires the patient/client to focus briefly on the trauma, it is less likely than traditional talk therapy to activate the trauma.

     

    Neurofeedback techniques:

    Neurofeedback techniques use low-frequency electrical signals to help the brain shift into a state in which it is easier to process emotions, moving it out of stuck patterns induced by trauma.  Improvement may be felt in one to three sessions.

     

    Other counselling and meditation techniques include Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, (also effective for suicidal thoughts), Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction, Yoga and Guided imagery (another form of meditation) which are often used by psychiatrists to help PTSD patients.

    However, talking is important to get rid of nasty past. The more you speak up about your fear, the better emotional stability you will gain. 

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