Total 228 Blog Posts

  • 16 Jun
    Oyindrila Basu

    7 Ways to Believe in Yourself.

    believe yourself

    Self-belief is the prime strategy towards success. However, having it and maintaining it need to be practised. When you think something is impossible, you will never truly try for it; the fact is you have to understand that they are achievable if pursued and that you have the capability to do it.

    • Defining the goal: You have to be clear about what you want, then you can focus on a proper thing. You need to face your goal with stoicism which means that you need to work on what is there in your control.

    For e.g. if your goal is to have a good business, instead of giving excuses like you don’t have enough money, customers never turn out, there is too much competition etc. try what you can. Give it ample time. Study the market of the particular field regularly; spend a fixed amount (that is affordable to you) every week for promotion and advertisements till you get the sale.

    •  Consistency: Practice makes perfect is an old proverb. Sticking to your goal is something very important. Something which is not practised regularly loses its value or initiation. Keep up your efforts towards your goal, you cannot expect results within one week; results are not in your control, but the hard work is.

    E.g. you want to improve your handwriting. You cannot stop at the end of week one. Keep practising your handwriting books; keep writing the cursive ‘A’ again and again. Start a new book after another till you get the perfect sentence writing.

     

    • Do your maths- Calculations are important. If you have the first two steps done; then you have to know the demands of the market, the statistics with which the business moves. That means, you have to increase your knowledge with the market study on your relevant field to make your work successful. Knowing your maths will boost your confidence; i.e. you will know you are going on the right way and following the right strategies.

     

    • Face your disappointment: You will face failures in your attempts and you will be disappointed, that is natural, but don’t give up. Positivity means believing that The greater the negative situation, the greater the potential of positive impact

     

    • Negative Inspiration: Push yourself to do what you are not perfect at. Know more about your peers, so that you are at par with them. Use the fear of failing to instigate yourself towards success.

     

    • Positive Inspiration: Use your happiest memories to keep yourself boosted.

     

    chase your dream 

    • Don’t be invisible: keep up your efforts. Do not be discouraged with negative feedbacks of others. Always keep showcasing the efforts for they will yield positive effort someday.

    Video:Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella: Believe in Yourself.

  • 16 Jun
    Oyindrila Basu

    Fall in Oestrogen= Migraine Attacks

    migrain

    Migraine is a common term used by many referring to sheer headaches. However, those who do not suffer from it are likely to get alarmed by the reaction given by a migraine bearer.

    However, one who has a history of migraine, or even those who have it occasionally, do understand the immense pain they go through; it is sometimes associated with nausea and blurry visions.

    Women are four times more prone to have migraines than men.

     

    Reasons for Migraine:

    Factors can be various: Migraine can be gifted to you genetically.

    Increase in tyramine can cause migraines which can sometimes be carried down to you through smoked fish, beer, cheese and the like food options.

    Sleep dysfunctions can also be the cause of migraine pain.

    However, hormonal imbalance is a major cause, and the correlation between the levels of oestrogen and progesterone in your body and migraine attacks, has been established for quite some time now.

    It has been found, that a drop in oestrogen level a couple of days before menstruation, in a woman, can cause migraine pains during the period.

    Research published in the June 1, 2016, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the ‘American Academy of Neurology’, shows that, for women with a history of migraine, oestrogen levels may drop more rapidly in the days just before menstruation than they do for women who do not have migraine history.

    The experiment included 114 women with migraine history with 223 controls. It was observed that “within-woman rates of decline showed that E1c decline over the 2 days following the luteal peak was greater in migraineurs for both absolute rate of decline (33.8 [95% confidence interval 28.0–40.8] pg/mgCr vs 23.1 [95% confidence interval 20.1–26.6] pg/mgCr, p = 0.002) and percent change (40% vs 30%, p < 0.001)” and hence it was concluded that “the timing and rate of estrogen withdrawal before menses may be a marker of neuroendocrine vulnerability in women with migraine.”

     

    What can be the remedy?

    Sometimes, women ignore the early migraine attacks considering them mild headaches. This is not the right attitude. When the pain is less, it can be modified or treated; slacking down can actually make it irreparable.

    Apart from medical treatment there are several other options which can prevent and cure migraine pains naturally.

     

    • Hydrate the body- The best way to prevent it is to keep yourself hydrated. Drinking a glass of water as quickly as possible can avert pain. However, it is suggested that you keep drinking glasses of water throughout the day. Drinking 8 times a day, from a 250ml glass is enough hydration and can cure any form of pain caused due to dehydration.
    • Caffeine reversal- If you are not addicted to coffee, then a cup of it at the time of migraine can provide relief.
    • Hot compress- This gives maximum results in a migraine attack. However, hot compress should not be used with pain relief gels or balms, because both produce the same effect, hence the remedial behaviour of both may be neutralized.
    • Apple Cider Vinegar- It can do miracles in pain. Dissolve a tablespoon or two of apple cider vinegar in a glass of water with honey and drink it. It works.
    • Peppermint- applying a few drops of peppermint oil on the forehead can relieve the pain a lot.
    • Cayenne pepper- Cayenne pepper is an extremely popular anti-migraine remedy; it can enhance the circulation of blood in addition to improving blood flow. The presence of capsaicin makes it the perfect antidote for pain as it contains an important ingredient known as capsaicin.
    • Ginger- It is an active worker in blocking Prostaglandins, which can be lucrative in muscle contractions as well as change in hormone levels, or inflammation of blood vessels in the brain tissue.

    Leading a stress-free life is the most important thing. Regular work-outs, morning and evening walks increases blood circulation to the heart and brain, hence you can stay healthy. Good sleep is important along with a healthy diet. 

    Image source

  • 15 Sep
    Oyindrila Basu

    Anger and Brain.

     

    anger management therapy

    We have different types of emotions every day, out of which anger is an emotion which is naturally believed to be detrimental to the mental health. Aggression is kind of an impulsive reaction to any situation which is dissatisfying. This can create a lot of stress and negativity in a person and we speak in detail about how we can control this anger; how can we give our reactions selectively and many more.

    However, till date it was never known, that anger and aggression can actually alter the brain and its functions.

    Neuropsychopharmacology, neuroscientists from the University of Chicago show that white matter in a region of the brain called the superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF) has less integrity and density in people with IED than in healthy individuals and those with other psychiatric disorders. 

    Too much of the anger component in a person can vary serotonin levels in the brain which is responsible for stress management, calmness and happiness.

    This restructuring of the brain makes a person even more violent.

    An experimental set up was established pathologically in the lab, where rats and mice were permitted to physically assault other rodents repeatedly, and it was observed that the initial mild aggression transformed gradually into a more violent behaviour.

    Researchers found that levels of serotonin, particularly in the prefrontal cortex, decreased in animals perpetrating repeated victorious episodes of aggression but not as a result of performing normal, functional acts of aggression. These findings are consistent with studies in humans showing that serotonin deficiency is associated with escalated rather than more functional forms of aggression.

    The serotonin component of the brain, is helpful to people with anger problems, and those suffering from depression, hence we often discuss about dietary plan and meditative practices for increasing serotonin level in the brain; when this part is affected, we become vulnerable to stress causing stimulus.

    Teenagers show aggression even to mild situational threats and this can hamper their cognitive abilities. However, research also implicates brain circuits involved in moral judgments in violent behaviour. The researchers found that people with antisocial, violent, or psychopathic tendencies tended to have overlapping damage in brain structures involved in making moral judgments. In normal, healthy individuals, moral decision-making activates the dorsal and ventral prefrontal cortex, the amygdala(important in emotions, fear, and stress), and the angular gyrus (involved in language and cognition). Antisocial individuals tended to show more damage in these brain regions than did control subjects. 

    Unlike other behavioural traits, aggression and anger are more prominent reactions in an individual which creates a negative aura around the person, which not only affects his/her mental health but also the society, family and people around him/her. It is imperative for everyone to practice anger management for better physical and mental health.

    1. Meditate for 15 minutes every morning. Let the thoughts pass on their own; you cannot control them, but do not get engaged in them.
    2. Whenever, you are angry, enter a room, close the door and chant “OM” in long breath, the word means universal, and it has a positive vibe which helps in increasing the level of serotonin in the brain and calms you down.
    3. Drink a glass of cold water, when you are feeling restless or aggressive at something.
    4. Counselling with Cognitive Behavioural therapy is a proven way to deal with anger in a positive way.
  • 08 Jun
    Oyindrila Basu

    Why Women are more prone to Mental Stress than Men?

    indian woman painting

    Gender disparities are observed when it comes to experiencing mental health issues. Women are psychologically more vulnerable to queer situations of the mind.

     

    Study by APA’s Journal of Abnormal Psychology

    APA’s Journal of Abnormal Psychology published a research study which evaluated the causative for this. Women are conditioned genetically, to internalize their emotions, which means they always try to hide their grievances and ponder on them in the mind; expression finds lesser importance in daily activities.

    They try to deal with their problems and difficulties within themselves, to appear more sociable and well accommodated and this leads to suppression, which can be the cause for future anxiety and depression.

    Men on the other hand are boisterous, outgoing and tend to externalize their emotions with a don’t care attitude which releases all charged up sentiments and pacifies the negativity inside the brain.

    Biologically, a difference in hormone between the two sexes is also a reason for disparity between stress levels. Both male and female has testosterone and estrogen in varied quantities based on age, health and physical built.

     

    In women, due to the difference in the levels of these hormones, less serotonin is secreted, which is the prime nerve relaxant in the body. Hence women are more prone to stress factors.

     

    Women are subjects of trauma.

    They're twice as likely to develop PTSD, with about 10% of women developing the condition after a traumatic event, compared to just 4% of men. Most women are likely to have faced some form of traumatic event due to domestic violence, abuse, social discrimination, sexual harassment, accident or death of loved ones. Their natural tendency to preserve the memories make them vulnerable to later mental health issues.

     

    Gendered wage-gap can be a very important factor in blowing women’s self-esteem and confidence.

     

    Also socially, women are burdened with greater responsibilities. Pregnancy, birth, parenting, are often endorsed by women. The role of a mother is emphasized on, by the society. Automatically, a woman is conditioned to believe that she is more responsible towards the child.

     

    A recent debate on our forum referred to an article by Chetan Bhagat, which tried to navigate the causatives for Indian women being the most stressed out beings on earth. Additionally, Indian married women have to adjust in a new home, new environment and new people which is already stressful.

    The level of acceptance is low; their actions are often judged and criticized and many-a-times, her ideologies clash with others and her opinion is rejected, which can be the reason for anxiety.

     

    Work life balance for Women

    The swing of work-life balance is also critical for Indian working women. She is socially conditioned to be guilty for neglecting her family while she is working in an office.

    She never challenges or fights her belief, instead, tries to accommodate and balance her roles between home and work, which is kind of an impossible task accomplished, and at the end of the day, she is completely stressed out, over-burdened, doesn’t have time for herself and also doesn’t have time to relax her mind.

     

    Work life balance for Men

    On the other hand, a man is more focused on his career and office, and homely responsibilities come second to him.

    He is conditioned to believe that way. If he chooses to help in household chores he will do it wilfully, however, for an Indian woman the choice is quite limited in this case. Sometimes, the unequal treatments of the genders can create frustration in women, which leads to additional stress.

     

    Diagnosis of mental health issues 

    Further, it is disheartening, how the treatment counsel uses their personal biases in diagnosis of mental health issues. Whenever a woman reports of mental health issue, for e.g. depression, the doctor renders it as something ‘emotional’, may be a temporary reaction, however, a man reporting stress is treated more seriously and suggested to therapy.

    If women’s stressful situations are not addressed properly, that can lead to genuine mental health issues. Neglect has also been studied as a secondary factor for deterioration of mental health in women.

     

    What can you do?

    This is an advice to all women.

    • Try to keep yourself calm in all situations.
    • Do not compare or compete with others of your gender. Believe that you are the best and try to do everything with your 100%
    • Work-life balance is an art; however, spare yourself the horror of being guilt-ridden all the time you return home from office. That is not the right attitude.
    • Stress factors will always be there around you. You cannot control your environment. Create a world of yourself; be in it; spend time reading and watching good movies.
    • Exercise is a must. Meditate regularly to control your emotions and the mind.
    • Eat healthy; use lots of greens, fish oil and lean protein to encourage the flow of serotonin in your brain, which will keep you calm.
    • Be yourself.

    References:1 2 3

  • 06 Jun
    Oyindrila Basu

    Psychological tricks to help you progress in life.

    psychological tricks

    Psychology is a vast and devious thing. Mind control is an art; applied on yourself or on others.

    It would be so much fun if we could have people following the same things as we do, or agreeing to whatever we propose; it would be so good if people would actually do what we want them to do sometimes, with or without knowing.

    If that can happen, it will be solving so much problems and arguments in our politics; also the Government will be spared of all those dog fights in the Houses while passing a Bill.

    Let’s just imagine that our parents gladly agree to our college trips without us having to convince them much, or may be shopping becomes a dream come true every weekend, wouldn’t that be wonderful!

    It is not so difficult to get things done; a few tricks can actually help; you just need to know the right thing to be input at the right time.

    Let’s look at a few tips:

    psychological tricks

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    • Nodding your head while asking a question will make the other person more inclined to agree with you.

     psychological tricks

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    • If you want to get rid of an object that you are carrying while going with someone, you can keep talking with the other person, while handing over the object to him/her. He or she will most often take it without a question. (The other person’s brain will be engrossed in the subject of the conversation, and the object won’t generally distract him or her; remember, brain can receive only a few information at a time.)

     psychological tricks

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    • If you feel irritated that someone is looking at you, pretend to look at your watch; if the other person is actually looking at you, he/she will definitely look at his/her watch to find out what you are paying attention to.

    psychological tricks

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    • If someone wants to get to have others attending him/her, or sympathizing with him/her all the time, he/she mostly presents self as a ‘poor fellow’. Such people are often found saying “why this always happens to me,” “I am a doomed person,” etc. so that you feel that their misfortune is graver than yours and you try to attend them even if with a negative attitude.

     psychological tricks

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    • Reasoning persuades reasonable people. If you want to get your Xerox done first, rather than saying, “I have only 2 copies”, say that “I want to use the machine first because I am in tremendous hurry”. An experiment found that 90% of the people will let you proceed in first, in a queue if you use ‘because’, i.e. you are giving a proper reason for your cause. (Though I have no idea whether it works in our Indian culture. :))

    If you are aware of these transactional patterns, you can actually use them in your favour. Once you have an idea of how the other person will react in a situation, you can actually prevent many quarrels and arguments for the good; make others agree with you and bear a coherent relationship with everyone around you, which can actually help you progress in life. 

    Image source