Its quite difficult every time to find out whether you are in depression or not. Every time it becomes harder to identify the difference between sadness and depression but for every reader it is a high time to be alerted by knowing that sadness is not depression, its completely different from depression.
As one says "I am sad, I am not feeling happy, my mood is off today", its natural for a human being to get mood off and becomes sad when any desirable things are not met.
Depression is an illness, but sadness not. Sadness is like I lost my favorite things, close one’s demise has happened, divorce etc. Its quite normal human process.
We experience sadness when we come across any unpleasant event in our life. When a normal event occurs in a hurtful way, we become sad. Sadness happens in our life within a short gap even.
Most importantly sadness is not severe, but depression is. One cannot be sad all the time. A productive person cannot live his/her life fully with sadness.
Depression is moreover an illness, it needs medication. When one stops living his/her so called normal life, it can be said that the person is suffering from depression.
Depression is profound sadness, its beyond sadness. People with depression have a pain beyond sadness and it cannot be resolved without medical intervention.
People with depression lose his/her control over the pain and sadness. One who is in depression cannot live life in a normal way. It gradually becomes slower and withdrawn from every productive work.
Sadness involve no withdrawn tendency, it always craves for a fun and happy event. But in depression, one tries to withdraw himself/herself from every social program.
Depression is becoming so important to focus illness, as the researchers say every one person in 5 women, including in India and everyone person in every 10 men suffers from major depressive disorder.
Suppose every time your neighbor shouts at you on a small matter, a rebellious student smokes in front of teachers, etc. everything is a common cause of depression.
There can be many symptoms to identify depression:
Feels exhausted and fatigued easily when working.
Conduct miscommunication many times.
Loss of memory, inferior feeling and feeling of worthlessness.
Pessimism and having hopelessness.
Lose interest of his/her previous hobbies.
Lose interest to learn any new thing.
Difficulty in sleeping or oversleeping.
Cannot remember easily, getting trouble to concentrate on one thing.
Appetite habits change, either less eating or over eating.
Consistent digestive problems, headaches etc.
Thoughts of death or suicide.
For the severity, one who is suffering from depression has a risk to commit suicide, because hopelessness, worthlessness makes people cease life fully.
Then every door is closed one by one to that person. One who has any 5 of above symptoms for two weeks or more needs to go for counselling.
It can happen also in an episodic way i.e. one can be depressed for 5days or more, it again comes after 1 month or later within 3 months.
Depression needs medication as well as it involves some neurological changes. Research says that prefrontal lobe and limbic system in the brain are responsible areas in regulation of depression.
Major depressive disorder involves significant neurological changes. Hippocampus area in brain is also responsible area for regulating depression.
Nowadays, also depression is like a disorder which has social stigma, many corporate job employees don't want to reveal that they are suffering from depression just because of this social stigma. With handling his/her own crisis, people have to deal with other people's thinking. When one is sad, he/she doesn't need to look upon all these factors.
Case of Major depressive disorder:
One teenage girl (unknown), aged 17yrs, she used to bring up in a nuclear family with her parents. Her father had OC (obsessive compulsive) symptoms and he was under treatment. Her father seemed to dominant always towards the girl and her mother. That’s why her mother felt sad all the time.
The girl has some problems in adjustment with her peers, she couldn’t even tolerate any middle aged man. Gradually, her parents started facing some troubles with their daughter. She used to hit others anywhere, she even asked for leave to unknown person.
She had to stop her formal education for maladjustment. The girl always felt fatigue in every work, she always used to lose her interest even in funny things. She had poor concentration capacity along with poor memory.
She had a craving for food, she used to have large amount food every day. Her mother worried and took her to the psychiatrist, after assessing it was diagnosed as a Major depressive disorder.
Though depression is a mood disorder, if one feels these symptoms over a certain time, then he/she should be alert, and go to the expert for consulting. Depression is treatable and curable; you just have to diagnose it at proper time in proper way.