What Are Different Psychotherapies Used Commonly By Counselors?
If you are contemplating seeking counseling and psychotherapeutic services, then it’s a good idea to know what kind of difference options exist. Just like there are many branches and approaches to medicine, the kind of therapy a provider gives also differs. Some therapies are more specific and useful for particular issues and some are more general and can be used with a broad range of issues.
In general, therapies differ in terms of their understanding of what causes the problem or issue at hand, and what are the best ways to resolve it. Therapies also differ based on who they work with, that is, individual, couple, group or family. There is a difference in the role of the therapist too, based on the school of thought.
Cognitive behaviour therapy: It is one of the most commonly used therapies today. The reason behind this is that it is research based and quite effective in treating depression and anxiety, and these are the most common mental health issues people face. The CBT practitioner teaches the clients how their thoughts, feelings and actions are connected, and then helps them to change their thoughts so that feelings and actions change as a consequence. CBT can also be used for a large variety of issues, from marital conflict to drug abuse and even eating disorders.
Group Therapy: A group approach helps when a large number of people have a similar concern and group dynamics can help the resolve some social and interpersonal skills issues that people have. Group therapy is more validating at times because it gives the person the confidence that there are others in the same position as he or she and if they can get better then so can I. There are various formats of group therapy, depending on the approach and founder. Group therapy can help with issues like anger, abuse, eating disorders and learning skills like social skills or time management.
Dialectical Behaviour Therapy: This is a form of therapy that is helpful with borderline personality disorders, as well as other personality and mood disorders. It basically contends that ambivalence as a state of mind is okay and then from then on, it seeks to resolve it. Nowadays, mindfulness is used with both DBT and CBT to enhance effectiveness. Mindfulness is a school of thought that believes in entirely living in the moment, and it contends that most disturbances occurs due to an uncalm mind that does not live in the moment.
Family Therapy: Family Therapy believes that the person who has an issue is only the ‘recognized’ patient or client and that they are part of a dysfunctional family system and thus the entire family needs to sort things out together. Improving family communication and problem solving is the major part of family therapy.
Regardless of the psychotherapy chosen, it is important to choose a qualified, competent professional. It is important to keep your therapist in the loop about how therapy feels to you and works out for you, for overall effectiveness.