Total 43 News Articles

  • 03 Feb
    eWellness Expert

    Study says India most depressed country

    Study says India most depressed country

     

    Pritha Chatterjee , Pritha Chatterjee : New Delhi, Wed Jul 27 2011, 09:51 hrs

    A study based on the World Health Organization's World Mental Health Survey Initiative has said that India has the highest rate of major depression in the world.

    The study, 'Cross-national epidemiology of DSM-IV major depressive episode,' based on interviews of nearly 90,000 subjects across 18 countries with different income levels, was published in the peer-reviewed journal BMC Medicine by Biomed Central.

    The average lifetime rates of depression, according to the study, were found to be 14.6 per cent in ten high income countries, and 11.1 percent in eight low- to middle-income countries. But lifetime incidents of what was identified as Major Depressive Episodes (MDE), were highest among Indians at 35.9 percent, while China was at the lowest at 12 per cent.

    Average percentage of MDE was, however, considerably higher in high-income countries at 28.1 percent, compared to 19.8 percent in the low- to middle-income countries.

    The study interviewed subjects on the basis of the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) technique. Respondents were first screened on the basis of three "stem questions" for depression—sadness/depressed mood, feelings of discouragement, and loss of interest lasting several days or longer.

    Those who endorsed any one of these questions were put through a questionnaire to detect MDE. To be positive for MDE, a respondent had to qualify for five of the "nine cardinal symptoms," including indicators in appetite, sleep, mood, lack of concentration and tendency of suicidal thoughts.

    The lead author of the study is Dr Evelyn Bromet, Department of Psychiatry, State University of New York at Stony Brook, co-authored by Dr Irwin Hwang and Dr Nancy A. Sampson at the Department of Healthcare Policy at the Harvard Medical School. The India representative of the study is Dr Jagdish Kaur from the Directorate General of Health Services.

    Countries such as the US, China, Japan, India, Brazil, Mexico, Ukraine and Spain, Germany, Lebanon, Mexico, and South Africa have been included in the study.

    Article taken from 

  • 26 Jan
    eWellness Expert

    Mindfulness Can Tackle Obesity In Kids: Study

    Mindfulness Can Tackle Obesity In Kids

    The balance in brain networks in children who are obese is different compared to healthy-weight children, making them more prone to over-eating, suggests a new study.

    The balance in brain networks in children who are obese is different compared to healthy-weight children, making them more prone to over-eating, suggests a new study.

    Mindfulness has been shown to increase inhibition and decrease impulsivity. Since obesity and unhealthy eating behaviours may be associated with an imbalance between the connections in the brain that control inhibition and impulse, said the researchers from Vanderbilt University at Nashville in the US.

    ALSO READ: for news

    “We know the brain plays a big role in obesity in adults, but what we understand about the neurological connections associated with obesity might not apply to children,” said lead author BettyAnn Chodkowski.

    “We wanted to look at the way children’s brains function in more detail so we can better understand what is happening neurologically in children who are obese,” Chodkowski added.

    The new research was published in the journal Heliyon.

    ALSO READ: How Obesity Spreads Among Members Of Social Network!

    Identifying children at risk for obesity early on and using mindfulness approaches to control eating may be one way to approach weight management, the researchers suggested.

    They used data collected by the Enhanced Nathan Kline Institute — Rockland Sample from 38 children aged 8-13.

    The data included children’s weights and their answers to the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire, which describes the children’s eating habits.

    The researchers also used MRI scans that showed the function of the three regions of the brain they wanted to study.

    From the study, five of the children were classified as obese, and six were overweight.

    The results revealed a preliminary link between weight, eating behaviour and balance in brain function.

    In children who behave in ways that make them eat more, the part of the brain associated with being impulsive appears to be more strongly connected than the part of the brain associated with inhibition.

    Conversely, in children who behave in ways that help them avoid food, the part of the brain associated with inhibition is more strongly connected compared to the part of the brain associated with being impulsive, the researchers found.

    Articles taken from

  • 15 Jan
    eWellness Expert

    French people are so 'underworked' it's leading to clinical depression

    french people

    French worker's traditional 'relaxed' attitude to work may be harming their mental health Rex

    French workers are so underworked they are becoming clinically depressed, according to one academic. 

    Christian Bourion, professor of social economics at Nancy Metz ICN Business School, believes French workers are getting “destructured personalities” and suffering from psychological trauma as a result of boredom.

    The professor developed a programme that detected certain phrases, related to workplace boredom, in France’s online chat rooms, according to The Times.

    His results demonstrated a dramatic escalation of workers complaining about their boring days: in 2011 the words “bored at work” appeared 184,000 times – in 2015 the same words appeared 542,000 times. Read more.....

     

  • 06 Jan
    eWellness Expert

    How to train your brains regulate negative emotions

    how to train brain

    Researchers are now claiming to change the brain's wiring to regulate emotional reactions with a simple computer-training task.

    Dr. Noga Cohen from the Ben-Gurion University said that these findings are the first to demonstrate that non-emotional training that improves the ability to ignore irrelevant information can result in reduced brain reactions to emotional events and alter brain connections.

    Cohen added that these changes were accompanied by strengthened neural connections between brain's regions involved in inhibiting emotional reactions. Read more..

     

  • 06 Jan
    eWellness Expert

    Lack of sleep can make your emotion go haywire

    lack of sleep

    If you feel cranky or grumpy after a night without sleep, it is because your brain’s ability to regulate emotions gets compromised by fatigue, say researchers.

    This is a bad news for adults who get less than six hours of sleep in night.

    The team from Tel Aviv University identified the neurological mechanism responsible for disturbed emotion regulation and increased anxiety due to only one night’s lack of sleep.

    The research reveals the changes sleep deprivation can impose on our ability to regulate emotions and allocate brain resources for cognitive processing.

    “Prior to our study, it was not clear what was responsible for the emotional impairments triggered by sleep loss,” said professor Talma Hendler of TAU’s Sackler Faculty of Medicine.

    The team assumed that sleep loss would intensify the processing of emotional images and thus impede brain capacity for executive functions.

    “We were actually surprised to find that it significantly impacts the processing of both neutral and emotionally-charged images,” Hendler added. “It turns out we lose our neutrality.”

    “The ability of the brain to tell what’s important is compromised. It’s as if suddenly everything is important,” she said.

     

    (psychotherapy for insomnia)

     

    For the results, the researchers kept 18 adults awake all night to take two rounds of tests while undergoing brain mapping. 

    When sleep-deprived, participants performed badly in the cases of both the neutral and the emotional images and their electrical brain responses did not reflect a highly different response to the emotional images.

    "It could be that sleep deprivation universally impairs judgment, but it is more likely that a lack of sleep causes neutral images to provoke an emotional response," the team noted.

    The team also found that participants after only one night of lack of sleep were distracted by every single image (neutral and emotional).

    "We revealed a change in the emotional specificity of Amygdala, a region of the brain associated with detection and valuation of salient cues in our environment, in the course of a cognitive task," Ms Hendler said.

    These results reveal that without sleep, the mere recognition of what is an emotional and what is a neutral event is disrupted.

    The results appeared in the When sleep-deprived, participants performed badly in the cases of both the neutral and the emotional images and their electrical brain responses did not reflect a highly different response to the emotional images.


    "It could be that sleep deprivation universally impairs judgment, but it is more likely that a lack of sleep causes neutral images to provoke an emotional response," the team noted.

    The team also found that participants after only one night of lack of sleep were distracted by every single image (neutral and emotional).

    "We revealed a change in the emotional specificity of Amygdala, a region of the brain associated with detection and valuation of salient cues in our environment, in the course of a cognitive task," Ms Hendler said.

    These results reveal that without sleep, the mere recognition of what is an emotional and what is a neutral event is disrupted.

    The results appeared in the Journal of Neuroscience..

    Image source