• 27 Feb
    eWellness Expert

    How violence affects children's mental health

    How violence affects children's mental health

    CHIldren who live in societies witnessing violence may have high levels of behavioural and emotional problems, according to a US study based on the mental health of children in Juarez, Mexico -- once dubbed the murder capital of the world.

    The finding of the study by Texas Tech University Health Sciences Centre-El Paso researchers suggests that the mental health of children was negatively affected by exposure to the mass murders and acts of terror, like kidnappings, bombings and decapitations, related to the city's drug violence in 2010.

    "I am very worried about the children who lived in Juarez when the drug violence peaked a few years ago," says Marie Leiner, a paediatric researcher at TTUHSC El Paso who led the study and gathered data about the mental health of youth living on the US-Mexico border.

    For the study, Leiner compared the mental health of children living in relatively safer El Paso, Texas to that of children living in its neighbouring city Juarez.

    After analysing data collected from both groups, Leiner found that the prevalence of issues like depression, aggression, anxiety, withdrawal and attention deficit disorder were three times higher in children living in Juarez.

    "I'm not saying that kids in El Paso are not affected by violence, but they did not have this exposure to violence everywhere in their neighbourhoods. They did not attend their family funerals and they didn't go to school to learn that their friends' families were murdered," Leiner said.

    The children and their families were not directly asked about their personal experiences with drug violence and the study assumes those living in Juarez were indirectly exposed to the violence.
    The study findings were published in the journal Salud Mental.
    Article taken from
  • 27 Feb
    eWellness Expert

    Tips to maintain your mental health

    Tips to maintain your mental health

    Mental health is often negated in front of physical health. But what many don't know is that by 2020, mental illness will be the second top cause of morbidity and mortality after heart disease. How is your mental well-being tested? Let's take a simple test. Do you find it tough to ward off negative thoughts? Do you find it tricky to deal with difficult situations? Sudden work assignment or unruly behavior by the boss pulls down your spirit? Do you find comfort in food when you are stressed? If you have answered most of them in affirmation, you surely need to keep a check on your mental health. Mental well-being means you are able to function well in your day-to-day life and sudden challenges don't make you fall. We spoke to Dr Rajesh Goyal, consultant psychiatrist, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, to bring you top six practical ways to maintain mental well being.

    Maintain a regular routine
    Try and create a daily routine, from waking up time to eating to sleeping. People who follow a regular routine are found to be healthier emotionally as well as physically.

    Exercise 5 times a week
    This stands true for every ailment. Make sure you exercise atleast 5 times a week if not all days. Staying physically active is a key reason for mental wellness as any form of workout releases happy hormones.

    Balanced diet
    Eat a well balanced meal that comprises of atleast 5 fruits and vegetables a day. Also, coconut water and bananas are rich in potassium and help in elevating the mood. Dark chocolate works equally well in mood elevation.

    Pursue a hobby
    You may not find 'me' time during the week due to work and personal commitments, but set aside half a day during the week to pursue something that you like. It could be something as simple as listening to music, reading books or even visiting a salon to pamper yourself. "We are so busy treating others that we forget to treat ourselves."

    Article taken from

  • 27 Feb
    eWellness Expert

    Older adults respond to emotional terms more positively: study

    Older adults respond to emotional terms more positively

    Press Trust of India  |  Washington February 27, 2016 Last Updated at 17:57 IST 

    Older adults perceive emotional terms differently and respond to them more positively and actively than younger persons, according to a new study that may help caregivers improve treatment and interactions with elderly people.

    Researchers from the University of Massachusetts recruited 32 older adults aged 60 to 92, and 111 younger adults aged 18 to 32, and asked them to judge 70 emotional terms on whether the words had a positive or negative connotation and if the words were activating or arousing.

    "Older adults report feeling more serenity than younger persons. They also have a richer concept of what it means to feel serene than younger persons," said Rebecca Ready from University of Massachusetts.

    "We were surprised to find that younger adults associated more self-deprecating terms with feeling sad and lonely, such as being ashamed or disgusted with themselves, than older persons," Ready said.

    Researchers found the word groupings were similar between older and younger persons for many words but they noted systematic differences for sadness, loneliness and serenity.

    They also found that older adults perceive emotional terms as most positive and more active than younger persons. Emotions overall may be more stimulating for older than younger persons.

    For example, excited is generally rated as a high activation word, while serene is associated with less activation. They then had participants group similar words together.

    The older adults in the study reported fewer depressive symptoms than the younger participants, researchers said.

    In a word grouping task, older adults associated more positive emotional terms with serene, such as cheerful, happy and joyful, than did younger people.

    Researchers speculate that "this broader conception of serene" is associated with the fact that older adults report more calming positive emotions than younger people.

    "We gained a deeper appreciation of some relatively unknown benefits of ageing, such as increased positive emotions and less shame associated with feeling sad or lonely," Ready said.

    "It is imperative to determine how older adults define emotions differently than younger adults. These data ensure effective communication with older adults, accurate understanding of their emotion experiences, and appropriate access to psychological interventions," Ready said.

    The findings are "highly clinically significant" because the information could help caregivers, psychotherapists and workers at assisted living facilities, for example, better understand the emotions of older people in their care, which could lead to improved treatment and quality of interactions, researchers said.

    The findings were published in the journal Ageing and Mental Health.

    Article taken from 


  • 03 Feb
    eWellness Expert

    Study says India most depressed country

    Study says India most depressed country


    Pritha Chatterjee , Pritha Chatterjee : New Delhi, Wed Jul 27 2011, 09:51 hrs

    A study based on the World Health Organization's World Mental Health Survey Initiative has said that India has the highest rate of major depression in the world.

    The study, 'Cross-national epidemiology of DSM-IV major depressive episode,' based on interviews of nearly 90,000 subjects across 18 countries with different income levels, was published in the peer-reviewed journal BMC Medicine by Biomed Central.

    The average lifetime rates of depression, according to the study, were found to be 14.6 per cent in ten high income countries, and 11.1 percent in eight low- to middle-income countries. But lifetime incidents of what was identified as Major Depressive Episodes (MDE), were highest among Indians at 35.9 percent, while China was at the lowest at 12 per cent.

    Average percentage of MDE was, however, considerably higher in high-income countries at 28.1 percent, compared to 19.8 percent in the low- to middle-income countries.

    The study interviewed subjects on the basis of the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) technique. Respondents were first screened on the basis of three "stem questions" for depression—sadness/depressed mood, feelings of discouragement, and loss of interest lasting several days or longer.

    Those who endorsed any one of these questions were put through a questionnaire to detect MDE. To be positive for MDE, a respondent had to qualify for five of the "nine cardinal symptoms," including indicators in appetite, sleep, mood, lack of concentration and tendency of suicidal thoughts.

    The lead author of the study is Dr Evelyn Bromet, Department of Psychiatry, State University of New York at Stony Brook, co-authored by Dr Irwin Hwang and Dr Nancy A. Sampson at the Department of Healthcare Policy at the Harvard Medical School. The India representative of the study is Dr Jagdish Kaur from the Directorate General of Health Services.

    Countries such as the US, China, Japan, India, Brazil, Mexico, Ukraine and Spain, Germany, Lebanon, Mexico, and South Africa have been included in the study.

    Article taken from 

  • 26 Jan
    eWellness Expert

    Mindfulness Can Tackle Obesity In Kids: Study

    Mindfulness Can Tackle Obesity In Kids

    The balance in brain networks in children who are obese is different compared to healthy-weight children, making them more prone to over-eating, suggests a new study.

    The balance in brain networks in children who are obese is different compared to healthy-weight children, making them more prone to over-eating, suggests a new study.

    Mindfulness has been shown to increase inhibition and decrease impulsivity. Since obesity and unhealthy eating behaviours may be associated with an imbalance between the connections in the brain that control inhibition and impulse, said the researchers from Vanderbilt University at Nashville in the US.

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    “We know the brain plays a big role in obesity in adults, but what we understand about the neurological connections associated with obesity might not apply to children,” said lead author BettyAnn Chodkowski.

    “We wanted to look at the way children’s brains function in more detail so we can better understand what is happening neurologically in children who are obese,” Chodkowski added.

    The new research was published in the journal Heliyon.

    ALSO READ: How Obesity Spreads Among Members Of Social Network!

    Identifying children at risk for obesity early on and using mindfulness approaches to control eating may be one way to approach weight management, the researchers suggested.

    They used data collected by the Enhanced Nathan Kline Institute — Rockland Sample from 38 children aged 8-13.

    The data included children’s weights and their answers to the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire, which describes the children’s eating habits.

    The researchers also used MRI scans that showed the function of the three regions of the brain they wanted to study.

    From the study, five of the children were classified as obese, and six were overweight.

    The results revealed a preliminary link between weight, eating behaviour and balance in brain function.

    In children who behave in ways that make them eat more, the part of the brain associated with being impulsive appears to be more strongly connected than the part of the brain associated with inhibition.

    Conversely, in children who behave in ways that help them avoid food, the part of the brain associated with inhibition is more strongly connected compared to the part of the brain associated with being impulsive, the researchers found.

    Articles taken from